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市政公用奇迹鼎新的思虑与倡议
文章作者:办理员 更新时候:2016/11/21 9:17:36

2003nianyilai,shizhenggongyongqijidingxinzaishitanzhongzouguo6nianduo,yixilieshentiaolidetimubushibengfa,jifadangju、xingyeheqiyeduidingxinbiaodefangzhendesilvhezhengbian。tongshi,youyushuijiadejieqiaganxi,youjinyibujifalelaizigongjiahemeitidefeizhuanyexingcunjuan,guqieshizhenggongyongqijidingxinfengyumanlou,daolehequhecongdelukou。

2009nianniantou,guowuyuan2009nian26haowenjianzhuanfaguodufagaiweiguodingjian,zaishenqiebachixingyedingxin,tuokuanguanfangtouzidefanchouhequdaozhangjiezhongqingqiu,jiasuyantaogudongmianliguanfangbenqianjinrushizhenggongyongjucuocuoshidengshouyaofanchoudexiangganzhengce,dongyuanshehuitouzi;qingqiujiasubianceshizhenggongyongqijidingxin,kuozhandouhuigongshuigongregongqi、wushuicuozhi、zhazicuozhidengtexujingyingfanwei。

keshi,zheiliangxiangqingqiu,bingbuhenhaoditongyilaizixingyeheshehuidezhengbian。zaiyouguanjubudeqingqiuxia,benwenlianxichijiudeyantaohediaoyan,zhenduixingditichuyouguansilvhechangyi。

yi、 shizhenggongyongqijidingxindeshouyaobeijing

2002nian,yuanbazhuobuchutai《zengjinshizhenggongyongqijishichanghuadingxindedingjian》,lakailebaohandouhuishuiyezaineideshizhengqingkuanggongyongqijishichanghuadingxinheguizhiliyideweisheng,2004nian5yue1ri,woguodiyibushizhenggongyongqijitexujingyingguizhidejubuguizhang——《shizhenggongyongqijitexujingyingbanlifangfa》youyuanbazhuobubanfabingshixing,weiwoguoshizhengqingkuanggongyongqijishichanghuadingxindefazhihuabazhuodaxiadizi。


gai《fangfa》mingbailetexujingyingyouguangefangdequanli、yiwuheshichangzhunruhejiaru、zhaobiaozhaobiao、zhongqipinggu、jianshichachao、guqiejieshou、gongjiadaochangdengyixilieguizhi。duibaohandouhuigongshui、gongqi、gongre、dazhongjiaotong、wushuicuozhi、zhazicuozhidengzaineideshizhengqingkuanggongyongqijishixingtexujingying。

suihou,gedidangjuzhudongbiancetexujingyingbanliguizhidebazhuo,juzhongguoshuiwangtongji,tingzhi2008nian9yue,gongyou7gechusuodangjuwanchenglechusuolifa,shixingle《chusuogongyongqiji/dizijucuocuoshitexujingyingtiaoli》,juzhongguoshuiwangbuwanzhengtongji,you22gechusuodangjunidingle《chusuogongyongqiji/dizijucuocuoshitexujingyingbanlifangfa》,5gechusuodangjunidingle《chusuogongyongqiji/dizijucuocuoshitexujingyingbanlihuading》。

2005nianyuanbazhuobujinyibuchutaile《duizengqiangshizhenggongyongqijijixidedingjian》,qitouzhengshibingguifanshizhengqingkuanggongyongqijidejixi,weiqingkuanggongyongqijijinrushichangjizhideguizhihuabazhuogongjilebaozhang。

jinqinianlai,woguoyitexujingyingguizhiweijiaodiandeqingkuanggongyongqijidingxin,jidadijinbulexingyedebanshixiaolihepinzhi。chuantongdeshizhengqingkuanggongyongqijibanshixitongbeichongpo,geleishehuibenqianzhutiqudeminjiechengzhang。shouyaobiaoxianzaiyixiajigefangmian。

1、chongpolebachijingying

jingyingqingshicongyidangjuweizhudaodeqijidanyuanbachijingyingxiangyishichangweizhudaodeqiyehuazhuanyejingyingzhuanbian。2002nianzhiqian,woguoqingkuanggongyongqijijijinquanshuyoudangjubushudeqijidanyuanhuozhengqibufendechuantongguoyouqiyedanrenjingying。dianmojinqiniandeshichanghuadingxin,geleifanlideshehuiqiyedeshichangjuyoulvqudeminjiejinsheng,yishuiwuweili,gongshuixingyedeshehuiqiyeshichangjuyoulvyiyu20%(cizhongwaizishuiwuqiyedeshichangjuyoulv10%baibu),wushuicuozhixingyedeshehuiqiyeshichangjuyoulvdaoda70%baibu。yidingchengdudichongpolebachijingyingchanghepaichang。

2、duoyuantouzilijugoucheng

shichanghuadingxinyilai,geleishehuibenqianduoliangjinrudaowoguodouhuishuiwuhezhazicuozhidengfanchou,jishizhenggongyongjucuocuoshixingyezhuruleboruodezijin,touzizhutiyoudanyidecaiwutouzizhutixiangduoyuanhuadeshehuitouzizhutizhuanbian。2002nianzhi2007nianwunianjiandeqingkuangdizijucuocuoshitouzishi1998nianzhi2002nianwunianjiantouzide2.2bei。yishuiwuxingyeweili,2002niantianxiashuiwutouziwei198yiyuan,2007nianzengtiandao835yiyuan,shi2002niande4.2bei。1998nianzhi2002niantianxiashuiwutouzinianjunzengtianlvwei3%,2002nianzhi2007niandenianjunzengtianlvjizengzhi26%。

3、shizhenggongyongqijibanshicainengminjiezengqiang

genzheshichanghuadingxindebiance,qingkuanggongyongxingyedechuchanjingyingcainengbushizengqiang,banshilonggailvyanxuhuisheng。yishuiwuxingyeweili,2008niantianxiadegongshuichuchancainengwei2.8yilifangmi/ri,jiao2002nianzengtianle19%。2002nianzhi2007nian,douhuigongshuibanshishengchiyou2.7yirenzengtiandao3.4yiren,douhuigongshuibanshilonggailvyou78%huishengdao94%。jinghuabanlicainengyemanmanzengqiang,douhuiwushuicuozhilvyou2002niande40%huishengdao2007niande63%,douhuihukouzhaziyouhaihuacuozhilvyou2002niande54%huishengdao2007niande62%。

4、banshishuianranpingjingpinzhiqudeyidingjinbu

shichanghuadingxinzhiqian,gongyongxingyeyinqizhiyuanchifei、banlidiaodui、xiaolidixiazhishibanshichengdudiaodui。shehuiqiyejinruyihou,chudailaixingyechengzhangxuyaodezijinzhiwai,chuantongshizhenggongyongqijibanlidedixiaotimudeyiluolu,youyiyuxingyebanshixiaolidejinbu。shichanghuadingxinhou,zaidangjuhegongjiadejianshidezengjinzhixia,qiyejinjiwanmei“kehubanshixitong”,chenglihewanmeixiangyingdegexiangguizhangguizhi,lishunkefutingyecuozhiliucheng,yigongjijiabeigaoxiao、kuaisudebanshi,jinbukehuduijingdu。liangduoqiyeyiqudeiso9002guojibanlixitongrenzheng。youxieqiyehaidizaoxingdichengliqi“yizhanshi”kehubanshitingyedating,bingsheli24xiaoshirexian,duiyonghuzhengxuntingzhidafu,tongshi,zengqiangguanwanggengxinhekuojianyijiangluolousunlv,jienafenquceloudefangfayijiangluochanxiaocha,chengligisxitongyizengsheguanwangshuizhijiancediandeng。

5、shizhengdazhongbanshicaichanzhutimanmanfayu

woguoshizhenggongyongqijishichanghuadingxinchenglileshichangjizhi,zengjinlecaichandechengzhang。tongshiyeshiqiyequdeminjiedeqiangda,gouchengleyiduoliangfanweifuza、qiliboruo、shouyijinbuqianbei、caichanlianwanzhengdeqiye,gebieqiyedezongzichankuayue100yi、nianchanzhiyikaojin30yiyuan。yichujiwushuicuozhi、zhazicuozhihegongshuibanshideqingkuangcaichanweili,qichanzhicong1998niande 395yiyuanzengtiandao2008niande 4800yiyuan,zengtianle12bei;shiyerenshucong2002niande#wanrenzengtiandao2008niande2500wanren;qiyeshucong1998niande 7qianyujiazengtiandao2008niande3wanduojia。

6、dingxinzengjinledangjuzaishizhenggongyongqijizhongdazhongbanshibennengjinengdezengqiang

woguoshizhenggongyongqijitingzhishichanghuadingxin,xiangzhengzhechuantongdedangjubachichanghepaichangbeichongpo。shehuibenqianjinruqingkuangbanshifanchou,cushidangjucongxiangxidexiangxibanshigongjizhemanmanzhuanbianweibanshidetuixiaozhehebanshipinzhidejixizhe。dangjujiaosedezhuanbian,zengjinleshizhenggongyongqijizuoweidangjudazhongbanshibennengjinengdegouchengheqianghua。zaizengtingzhiyebanlidexitonghuahetongminghua、zengtingzhiyexinxigongranguizhidebazhuodetongshi,yeduidangjubanlicainengtichugenggaodeqingqiu,biancedangjuzengqiangbenshenbanlicaineng。

er、 shizhenggongyongxingyejingyingdeshouyaokuanshi

jingyoulichengjiniandedingxin,zaixiangxidejingyingcengmianyigouchenglechanquanyujingyingquanjueduifenqideduoyuanhuakuanshi,yishuiyeweilibaohan:

1、 guozibeijingqiyedekongguhuocangujingying

guozibeijingdeqiyetuanti、shangshigongsiyiguquanshoumai、hehuo、zichanbingrudengqingshidaochanggongshuixingyededingxinhechengzhang,ruoyouchuchuanggufen、beikongshuiwu、chuangyehuanbao、nanhaigufen、shenzhenshuiwu、zhongguoshuiwudengqiye,zheixieqiyejubudaochanggongshuiqiyedegaizhi;biede,youshaoxufeiguoyoushangshigongsi,yedaochanggongshuiqiyedegaizhi。zheixieqiyetuantiheshangshigongsiputongzaiqiyequanticengmiantingzhixiezuo,youtouzifangxianshijiezhi,zheileixiezuozaianhuimaanshan、henanjiaozuo、sichuanzigong、henanxuchang、guangxiguigangdengerxiandouhuijiaoduo。

2、 minyingzhuanyegongsiquanzihuohehuojinru

minzibeijingdeqiyejingyoulichengduoniandechengzhang,jietongbenqianshichang,gouchengleyouyingxiangdeqiyetuanti,yiduzihehehuoqingshijinrugongshuijingying,rusangdehuanbao、jinzhouqingkuang、jinxinan、guozhenhuanbaodeng。mingmubaohanhubeiyichang、jiangsutaizhou、guangdongqingyuandeng。wushuidejingyingyishuichangweizhuti,gongshuidejingyingyizilaishuigongsiweizhuti,jubuyexianyushuichang。

3、 benguobenqiandehehuojingying

yinjinwaishangjianjietouzi,daochangguoyougongshuiqiyededingxinhechengzhang。youdexiezuoshizaigongshuiqiyequanticengmian,waizicanguhuokonggu,dandadadoushiyouwaishangxianshijiezhiqiyedejingyingquan,baohanrenshi、caiwu、tuixiaoquan,rupudong、lanzhou、haikoudengdouhui;youdexiezuoshichangwangfenshou,ruchengdouliuchangdeng。

juzhongguoshuiwangdetongji,tingzhi2007nianmo,gongshuishichangshangzuihuopode19jiashehuiqiyegongqianyuegongshuimingmu146ge(baohanshuichangdanyuanbanshihexitongbanshimingmu),mingfangzhengongshuizongcainengxiangchengyu2007niantianxiagongshuizongcainengde16.5%。cizhong,11jiawaizishuiwuqiyeqianyue94gemingmu,gongshuizongcainengxiangchengyu2007niantianxiagongshuizongcainengde9.7%。

4、 guoyouduzihedangjuzhudaodegongshuituantihuoshuiwutuanti

yizhongjiandouhuigongshuiqiyeweijiaodian,yiguoyouzichanxingzhenghuazhuantili(duoshuweibinggoutili)guibingzhoubianquxiandeguoyougongshuiqiye,gouchengyipijubeijiaodafanweihejiaoqiangqilidedouhuigongshuituanti,ruoyoubeijing、hangzhou、taiyuan、zhuhai、wuhan、hefei、jiangyindengdideguoyouzilaishuituanti。

youdedaxingguoyougongshuiqiyezaitingzhizichanzhenghedetongshi,jingyoulichengtunbingpaishui、wushuicuozhidanyuan,zujiangongpaishuiyitihuadedouhuishuiwutuanti,ruoyoushenzhen、shenyang、wulumuqi、zhongqing、shamen、haerbin、xiandengdideguoyoushuiwutuanti。jinchao,woguoyijiezhongzujiandeshuiwutuantijinbaijia,jingyoulichengzhenghehuoyuan、tuokuantingyefanchou,jidadijinbuleqiyedezongheqilihetingyechengzhangcaineng。

5、 guojifeizhuanyeminyingbenqiandehehuojingying

yinjinfeizhuanyedeminyingbenqiandaochanggongshuixingyededingxinhechengzhang,junzaigongshuiqiyequanticengmiantingzhixiezuo,qieyouminyingbenqiankonggu、jiezhi。zheileixiezuoputongduofashengzaixianjichengzhendegongshuiqiye,fanweijiaoxiao,ruhubeishengfangxian、chongyangxian、henanshengluoshanxian、jilinshengzhangbaixian、guangdongshengwengyuanxian、xinjiangruoqiangxiandengdoushizheileixiezuotili。

6、 guoyougongshuiqiyezhigongchigu

guoyouchuantonggongshuiqiyedejingyingzhehezhigongdaochangbenqiyededingxinhechengzhang,guoyoubenqiancanguhuowanzhengjiaru。zheileixiezuodaduofashengzaierjidouhuihexianjichengzhendegongshuiqiye,juzhongguoshuixietongji,henannanyangshi、shandongshengshouguangshi、yunnanshenglincangxian、jilinshengzhenlaixian、xinjiangwusushidengdidegongshuiqiyedoushiyouzhigongchigude。

san、 dingxinchengxiandeshouyaotimu

zaiqudedingxingongxiaodetongshi,yemianduizheyulaiyushenqiedecaiyihetimu。youyugongshuixingyecaichantezhengjiqihanqingchanquanbujudeyingxiang,zheixiecaiyihetimuzaigongshuixingyededingxinlichengzhongbiaoxiandejiabeijihehetuqi,2007niandegaoyijiahe2009nianshehuigongjiaduishuijiadiaojidezhiyichengweijihebiaoxian。

1、 jubufanchoutouziqueshaotimu,gouchengbanshipinzhibaozhangjianku

touzixitongtilideduoyuanhuazaijieshoudeduoliangshehuizijindetongshi,jubuchusuodangjuyiweishuaidiaoletouzihebanshideleizhui,jiangdazhongbanshijucuocuoshiyimailezhi,zaishizhengdazhongbanshifanchouduobihehuibidazhongbanshiyiwu,gouchengxuyaodazhongtouziqueweihedangjujixishiwei。congshizhenggongyongjucuocuoshidexingzishangkan,shichangjizhibunengzhouquanlonggaishizhengdazhongbanshidequanshufanchou,keguangouchengjubushizhengjucuocuoshibanshiyiwuquewei,banshijucuocuoshibazhuohegengxinbushishi,touziqueshao,jiaqianyalida,banshipinzhibaozhangjianku。dingxinhou,gebiechusuobanshipinzhifanerjiangluo。

2、 banshixiaoliquantiyiranpiandi

dingxindebiancecongdanyuanbanshiqitou,zaisuochujidebanshifanchouhebanshifanweishang,bumixinheyouyongdedasuan。dajubuxingyezhiyuanhejigoubujinrushichangjizhideyouyongshuejucuzhixia(gongshuixingyeshehuiqiyedejinrubilibudao30%),bicidepanbiyichutuantidexianding,shijubushichangjizhisuofashengdexiaolibeiquantidixiaoheyichutuantisuotunshi,shichangjizhizaiquantishangbuyouyongchanyangjinbubanshihexiaolideganhua。yixiejubeizhuanyebanshigongsijinruyihou,zaodaochuantongbanshixitongtilidexianding,tebieshijiaqiangouchengjizhidexianding,haodebanshidebudaoyouyongdeshichangbiding,shiyi,congquantieryan,zhuanyegongsisuojubeideshouyihejinglibunengyouyongkaishi,zaigongshuifanchoutebietuqi。

3、 chusuojieshoutouzizhengcechengxianpinpin,dangjuchengxinzaodaozhiyi

chusuodangjudajubuyouyuqueshaotouzierdingxin,zaidingxinxiaolifangzhenshangsuozhanbizhonghenxiao。shiyichengxianmeiqianzhaoshehuibenqian,dangjuyouqianhouduishehuibenqianpaijijichu。yijubudangjuzaodao2007nianlanzhou、haigongcishuizichanyijiashoumaideyingxiang,jifaledangjuduidazhongningjingdedanyou,jifalegongjiaduijiaqianxiadiededanyou,dingxinchengxiande“guojinmintui”dequxiang。

4、 jubumingmudingxincaozongbuguifan

shizhenggongyongdingxinyichusuoweizhudaozhengkai,shouzhiyuchusuoshuxichengdudechabie,zaidajubumingmumixincaozongdetongshi,jubumingmucunzaicaozongbuguifan,anxiangcaozong,tanhuzhiqiandehanqingtimu。jubutouziren、qiyebanlizheheyichubanlizhezecunzaibuzhengdangdeyichuxingdong,jingyoulichengjianlvediejiajiuyilegongjiayichu。jubugongsidingxinzejiuyiyuangongyichu,zhigongdingjianda。

5、 gongjiaduichunzhendejiaqianxiadiebujieguan

shizhenggongyongdeshichanghuadingxin,shouyaodouliuzaidangjuyuqiyedediaohe,xingyehedangjubianjiqueshaoyugongjiadeyouyongxiangtong,gongjiaduidingxindefangzhen、gongxiaoqueshaoshuxi。zaishehuicengmiangouchengleyidingde“dingxinbianshidiejia”debutuoshuxi。

6、 caichanchengzhangzaodaoxianding

touzijingyingqingkuangdebuguifan,shishehuiqiyetouzideshouyibunengyouyongbaozhang,jubuchengxiandangjuweiyue。zheixieshichangqingkuangtimu,yeshicaichanchengzhangzaodaoxianding。guranwoguohuanbaocaichanyijubeijiechudechengzhangdizi,danyufacaiguodubini,quantishanghaichuyucaichanhuadedijijieduan,zaicaichanfanwei,shouyiliyi,shichanghua、guifanhua、guifanhua,xiezuolidengfangmianlingyoujiaodadechayi。yicaichanjiheduweili,jinchaowoguohuanbaojucuocuoshideshexiang、bazhuohezhuangbeigongjishanghaofan,douhuihuanbaojucuocuoshijingyinggenjiyoubendiqiqijidanyuanfenshoujingying,tianxiayue1800duozuowushuicuozhichanghe700duozuozhazicuozhichangfenshouzaishangqiangechabieyunzhuanzhutizhong。erzaijingyingbanqijifacaidefaguo,wushuihezhazizeshouyaoyousanjiadaxingjingyingqiyedanren。biede,banqijibizhongshiqingkuangcaichanchengshudebiaoji,facaiguoduputongwei50-60%,erwoguojinchaozhiyao20%baibu。

si、 timufashengdeshouyaoyuanyouchanfa

zheixietifangzhenfashengshidingxinshenqieyihoudeyiding,shouyaoyouyixiayuanyou。

1、 dangjutouziyiwubudaowei

shizhenggongyongqijishidangjudazhongbanshideshouyaoneirong,guojijinglizhengshi,dangjudeyouyongtouzibuzhishishichangtouzidedizi,nenggouhuoxutianbushichangtouzidequeshaojubu,tongshidangjucaiwutouzi,nenggouhuoxuyouyongjiezhibanshijiaqian,jiangluodazhongfuchuyali。zhongguojinchaochusuodangjuyouyucaiwuyanjunhe《gusuanfa》defazhaishuejucu,bianjicunzaitouziyiwudequewei,zaigongshuifanchoutebietuqi。erzhongjiancaiwudetouzideguifanxinghebubianxingcunzaijiaodatimu,bunengchengweishizhenggongyongtouzidejiaodianlaili。

2、 dangjuyiyinruzijinweijiaodianzhishifeizhuanyegongsijinru

shizhenggongyongqijideshichanghuadingxinbenseshangshidangjudazhongbanshiyiwudeneibuhua,zheijiuqingqiudangjuzaitiaoxuandazhongbanshizhuti、shedingdazhongbanshiqiantishixuyaochongshijinze。ruoshidangjuzhiyiyinjinzijinweidingxinfangzhen,ershuhudazhongbanshiyiwu,jiuyidinggouchengzhiyaozijindefeizhuanyedazhongdejinru。ershizhengdazhongbanshidezhuanyehuaqingqiuriyijinbu,feizhuanyegongsidejinru,yidinggouchengbanshibaozhangchengdudejiangluo。

3、 dazhongbanshidejingjichengchibuqingchu

yiqiedeshizhenggongyongbanshibenqian,yaomoyijiaqianxingzhuangdebanshimianfei,yaomoyishuishouxingzhuangdecaiwutouruhebutielailonggai。zhongguodeshizhenggongyongzuoweidazhongbanshi,youyudingweibumingbai,zaijubufanchou,tebieshidouhuigongshuifanchou,yixiangcunzaijiaqianhecaiwudetuiwei,cunzaishuihefeizhijiandetiaoxuanhuanghu。caiwuzhongduigongshuidazhongbanshiyiwubububiandedasuanneiliezhi,jianlvetuixiangjiaqianhemianfei。

4、 jiaqiangouchengjizhibunengyouyongzengjinxiaolidejinbu

zhongguojinchaodejiaqiangouchengjizhishijianlvedebenqianjiashouyidedingjiaxitongtili,zhiduibenqiandezhengdangxingzuochupanding,bugouchengduibenqianheganxingdeyouyongzhidian,xiandingleqiyejinbuxiaolidezhudongxing。tongshi,benqianhejiaqianbanliyubanshihexingyebanlibielifushufagaiweihezhujianbu,zhijianyanjunbaituo,zhidianlexingyeqiyeshuhubanshipinzhihebanshichengduyiweitaigaobanshibenqian。yanjunyingxianghedazhongbanshideningjingxinghebaozhangxing。

5、 guizhibujianquan,zhengcedichu,shishichangjizhibingweichanyangyingyoudeganhua

texujingyingbenseshangshidangjudazhongbanshidewaibaotuixiaobanshi,shiyigexinxingbanshibujuheyiwuqingshidegoujian,chujiliangduobianjingxingqiantidesheding。zheixieqiantibaohandipancaozong、shuishou、touzixitongtili、shehuibaozhang、caishuixitongtili、chanquanguizhidengduofangmian。erjinchaozhidiantexujingyingdejinjinshiyuanbazhuobudejubuguizhang,nanyigouchengxitongdeguizhixitong。zheiyeshichusuoshichanghuadingxinwenluandediziyuanyouzhiyi。tebieshichanquanguizhisuozhudaode“guanren、banshi、guanzichanxiangtongyi”dezhunshengyutexujingyingsuoyikaode“zichandangjuyiqie、qiyejingyingdebanshiqingshi”cunzaidizidiaohexingtimu,yanjunyingxiangleshizhenggongyongqiji、tebieshigongshuixingyededingxinbiaodefangzhen。

6、 jubuhanqingyiwu beidangjudangleizhuijianlveshuaidiao

shizhenggongyongqijidedingxinshihanqingdeyanxu,shizainangxijishinianhanqingdeduijizhishangdejinsheng。erchuantongshizhenggongyongqiji,cunzaiduoliangdehanqingleizhui,baohanduoliangchongyudezhiyuan、fanfubazhuodetouzi、chajingdebanshichengdu、hejucuocuoshidehanqingqianzhangdengdeng。zheixieleizhuiruoshidangjubunengmixingongdaodedandang,ershijianlvekanchengleizhuishuaidiao,yidingjiahongliujiadeyali,jifashehuixingtimu。

wu、 dingxinqingshiyudingxinlicheng

shizhenggongyongqijidedingxinzairenheyigeguodudoushiyijianganxiguojiminshengdenanshi,shiyiyigeshenglidedingxinxuyaoxitongshexiang,youxubiance。guojishangshizhengbanshiqingshi,zaimingmucengmianshangqianchawanbie,keshicongdangjuyiwucengmianshangjiuliangdaqingshi。

1、 liangzhongchabiededazhongbanshixitong

guojishangshizhenggongyongqijidoubeikanzuodangjushehuidazhongbanshi,keshibanshiyiwuzaishizhengrengshikuashizhengdeliuyuhuoguodu,youchabiedeqiqu。faguoshishizhengbanshixitongdedaibiao,zheileixitongshitianxiashuiwubanshidezhudao,juedajubuguodujienazheileiqingshi。yingguoshiguodudazhongbanshixitongdedaibiao,zanmenbayingguogongshuibanshixitongchengweizhuanying。yingguozai1989nianjingyoulichengxin《shuifa》jianggongshuibanshideshizhengxingzi,huishengweileguodudazhongbanshi,qianxiandijiang,yingguoshianzhaozhongguojinchaodianli、dianxindezhunshenglaibanlishuiwubanshide。

chabiedegongshuibanshixitongtilixuyaochabiedexitongyuyichengchi。

faguodeshizhenggongyongxitongtili,jingyoulichengtexujingyinglaiyinrushichangjizhi。texujingyingdebense,shidangjujubeizichan(huozhongjiuzijin),jingyingquankaifang。jingyingzhejingyoulichengxiezuoqudeyidingshihou、yidingdiyudejingyingquan。xiezuoshedingdeguantoushishichangzhunruxiezuo,yidingqingqiuzhuanyegongsidedaochang。faguoyebaoliuleyidingbilidedouhuidangjujianjiejingying(gongshui35%,wushui65%),shouyaozhenduibanshiqingqiujiaodidebanshineirong。

yingguozhuanyingxitongtilidegongsi,fadingqudeyidingdiyu,bushihouxiandingdejingyingquan。gongsixiangzhongguodedianligongsiyiyang,jubeijucuocuoshidechanquan,shichanquanhejingyingquandetongyi。chusuodouhuidangjucuowugongshuibanshipinzhihejiaqiantingzhijixi,buzhunruguantou,keshi,yingguochengliletianxiashangzuijianquandelichengjixixitong,youzilijingjijixijigou(ofwat)shixinglichengjixi。zaiyingguozhuanyingxitongtilichujide10gegongsidejingyingfanweinei,bubiedebanshixitongtili。

congbenseshangjiang,zheilianggexitongdoushimixinde,doushizaitedingdehanqinghezhengzhibeijingxiagouchengde,nanyibianbiehaohuai。zhongguodeshizhenggongyongqijishichanghuadingxinyouzheiliangweijiaoyuan,nianzhechabiedejing。zaiqingshishang,zanmenjinxiulefaguodetexujingyingdepi,eryoujienaleyingguoshidechanquanxitong。jibufangfawanchengfaguoshidezhunruxiezuohejixi,yebuchengliqiyingguoshidelichengjixi。zheishizhongguogongshuidingxinwenluandebenyuandidian。

ruoshibuconggenshanglishunzheiyibanli,zhongguoshizhenggongyongqijidingxinbunenggouhuoxuzouchucangmang。

2、 zhongguoshizhenggongyongqijideshuxing

zaijinchaozhongguodezhengcexitongzhong,shizhenggongyongqijishiyixianggenjideshizhengbanshi。《chengzhengongshuitiaoli》he《shizhenggongyongqijitexujingyingfangfa》mingbaihuadingdouhuiguomindangjushidanrendouhuigongshuibanliheshixingdezhuti。

liangduojubeidazhongchanwushuxingdexingye,rudianli、dianxindeng,bingbushuyushizhengbanshixingye。shizhengbanshidejianjieyiwuzhutishidouhuiguomindangju,zheiyubiededazhongbanshiyouqufen。dianxinhedianlishiguodushoujiqingshi,guoduduitadedingxinzhunshengshijingyoulichengchaifen,yinruxiezuo,tingzhideshizhongjiantiaolidechanquanzuhe。

ershizhenggongyongbanshi,zhongjiandangjuzai20shiji80nianyueyibaqigenjideyiwuhequanlixiafangdaodouhuiguomindangju,yixiliedeyiwudoujihezaidouhui。bifang,douhuicaiwuduizilaishuidechijiutouzi,zhiyuanhebanliganxi,doushishishudebanlixitong。shiyi,shizhengbanshishidouhuidangjudeyiwuxitongdeyigeguantou。chuantongxitongtilizhixia,dangjuxuyaoxianghuafeizhe、xianggongjiagongjibanshi,zilaishuigongsishiqijidanyuandejingyingxingzi,hongliledangjunazou,chikuiledangjubutie。zheibianshidouhuigongshuixingyecongshizhenggongyongqijiqitoutingzhishichanghuadingxindechufadian。

3、 zhongguodetouzikaifang

xianshishang,shizhenggongyongfanchoudetouzikaifangyaoyuanyuanzaoyutexujingyingguizhideyinru。

yishuiyebazhuomingmuzhaoshangyinziweidaibiao,80nianyuemoqiqitouledouhuidiyijieduanshuiyetouzikaifangdingxin,douhuidangjujingyoulichengjianjiehuojianjiebaoguan,qudedangjujiancunkuanhuoguojijinronggouzaocunkuan。zaizheiyilunyinzizhongchujileshouyaodadouhuide100duogemingmu。zaizhongjianzhizhidouhuidangjudaochangbaoguandengjianjierongzixingdongyihou,90nianyuezhongqiqitouledierjieduantouzimosuo,waiziqitouyixiezuojingyingbingqiebaozhanglaogubaodadeqingshitouzidouhuishuiyedeshuichangmingmu。90nianyuehouqidouhuishuiyeqitouleyiduoliangdebot(bazhuo-jingying-yijiao)tiliweidaibiaodedisanjieduanmosuo。

weileguifancong80nianyuezhongqiqitoudeguojijinrongjigoucunkuan、guojidangjucunkuanxingdonghecong90nianyuezhongqiguqidebotfeiteng,1994nianduiwaishangyejingjixiezuobuxuanbule《duiyibottilijieshouwaishangtouziyouguantifangzhengaosu》,bidingwushuicuozhifanchoumingmubottilidejiechujieguo,qiecuoruohejienabottilijieshouwaishangtouziyudizijucuocuoshifanchou,guifancileimingfangzhenzhaoshangheshenpi。chengdouzilaishuiliuchangbchangbotmingmushizhongguodiyigejingguoduhezhundedouhuigongshuidizijucuocuoshibotshidianmingmu,biaojizhezhongguodaxinggongshuiqiyetouzizhutiduoyuanhuadingxindechongpo。2000nian5yue27ri,bazhuobuxuanbushixing《douhuishizhenggongyongqijicaozongwaizizanxinghuading》。2001nian12yue,neishideguodujiweibanfale《duizengjinhezhidianguanfangtouzideduoshaodingjian》,zhichu:gudongmianlihezhidianguanfangbenqianyiduzi、xiezuo、lianying、cangu、texujingyingdengtili,daochangjingyingxingdizijucuocuoshihegongyiqijimingmubazhuo;gudongmianlihezhidianguanfangtouzidaochanggongshui、wushuihezhazicuozhi、tujing、qiaoliangdengdouhuidizijucuocuoshibazhuo。gaidingjianshidiyigemingbaizhouquanjieshoufeiguoyoubenqianjinrushizhenggongyongfanchoudewenjian。

2002nian3yue4ri,guodujiwei、guodujingmaowei、waijingmaobujiehexuanbulexinde《waishangtouzicaichanzhidianmuci》,gaimucizi2002nian4yue1riqishixing。yunxuwaizijinrudouhuigongshuichangbazhuo、jingyingwushui、zhazicuozhichang,fengxianfeiliaocuozhicuozhichang(ranshaochang、tianmaichang)jiqingkuangjinghuabanlijucuocuoshidebazhuo、jingying。ergongpaishuiguanwangdebazhuo、jingyingchucibeicanjiaxiandingleitouzimuci,qingqiuzhongfangkonggu。bilaikaifangbudiaojinyibujiada,2004nian7yue23riguoduchengzhangdingxinwei、shangwubujiehexuanbule《zhongxibudiyuwaishangtouzishangfengcaichanmuci(2004niandingzheng)》,zi2004nian9yue1riqishixing。yu《waishangtouzicaichanzhidianmuci》bini,heyongyuzhongxibudiyudexin《zhongxibumuci》zaitiaokuanneirongshangzengtianlegudongmianlileimuci267tiao,yougubixiandingdetiaokuanyecong《waishangtouzicaichanzhidianmuci》de48leisuojianwei6lei,jinyibubiaoxianleduizhongxibudiyukuozhengkaifangdechengchi。mingbaitichu,kuozhanshehuibanshixingyekaifang,baohandouhuigongqi、gongre、gongpaishuiguanwangbazhuojingying。guodufagaiwei、shangwubu2007niandi53huyuzhong,youmingbaijiang“douhuigongshuichangbazhuo、jingying” liewei《waishangtouzicaichanzhidianmuci(2007niandingzheng)》zhong,keshiyiranyanxuleduiguanwangguquandexianding。

4、 dingxinlicheng

genzheshuijiaxitongdebiangehetouzifanchoudekaifang,douhuishuiyedezhuguanjubumanmanrenshidaobenlaineizhongjiyuxingzhengxingfushuganxidexingyebanliqingshiyibunengbaozhangshuiyebanlideyouyongshixing。2002nian,yitexujingyingweijiaodiandeshizhenggongyongqijidingxin“zhuxi”zhouquan“yanchu”,bingbeiyeneichengweishichanghuadingxinyuannian。zaidingxindajizhixia,chuantongdebanliganxiyibunengshunyingxindetouzixitongtilihejingyingbanlideqingqiu。2003nianyilai,bazhuobujingyoulichengsangedijinxingwenjian,congquantibiancedingxin,daoyinrutexujingyingdexiezuojizhi,zaidaozengqiangjixideqingqiu,yi“dingxinsanbuqu”manmanchenglileshizhenggongyongqijitexujingyingdebanlixitong。

texujingyingguizhishiyichengweishizhenggongyongqijidingxinyigeshouyaobiaoji。jingyoulichengtexujingyingzhengce,yuanbendezhuguanjubumanmanchengliyizhongxindeyiwuganxi,dangjuheqiyezhijianbuzaishibenlaineizhongjianlvedefushuganxi,ershibanshishimingdezhuanyihejixiganxidechengli。

peitongtexujingyingguizhidechenglitongbuzhengkaidelingyouyingxiangshenyuandechanquandingxin。chanquantimushiqiyedejiaodiantimu,chanquandingxinyizhengkaijiuzaigongshuidingxinzhongzhanyoulepeijiaoweizhi。shiliudatichu“guanren、banshi、guanzichanxiangfenqi”dezhunsheng;shiliujiesanzhongquanhuizaiwanmeishehuizhuyishichangjingjixitongtilidejueyizhong,henshimingbaidetichuyaokaifangbachixingye,shixingchanquanduoyuanhuadedingxin,bagufenjianzaoweisiyouzhiyizhongshouyaodeqingshi。chanquandingxinchujidaoleshizhenggongyongqiji,2003nianyilai,douhuishuiyeyimingbaiguirudaoleguoduchanquandingxindekuangjiayinei。2005nianniantoudefeigong36tiaohe2005niannianmochutaide《qingkuangyanhujueyi》doumingbaiqingqiuzaishizhenggongyongqijifanchoutingzhichanquanduoyuanhuadedingxin。2003nianyihoutouzizhengceyucaichandingxinzhengce“binggui”waiziyichanquanshoumaideqingshijinrushizhenggongyongqijitouzi,jianjieyanhuachenglewaiziduigongsiguquandeyijiashoumai,2007niandaodafeiteng。

youci,nenggouhuoxukandaojinchaodedouhuishuiyedingxinshiyoujiaochadeliangzhongzhengceqilisuoganhuahebiancede,yishitexujingyingguizhimanmanchengliwanmei,tayuanyubenlaidexingyezhuguanjubu;erbianshichanquandingxinhetouzijinru,tayuanyuzichanbanlijubuheshangwujubu。

liu、 jinyibubianceshichanghuadingxindebiaodefangzhen

1、 duizhidingxinbiaodefangzhenbubaidang

shizhenggongyongqijidedingxindeweimuyizhouquan,shehui、gongjiahedangjuyitiweidaoledingxindailaidetouzi、xiaolihebanshijinbudeyichu。nanyishexianghuidaonangxi“shuiba”shidefulixingjingyingqijian。shiyidingxinnanyinizhuan,dangjujianjiebanshideqingshizaijinqineibuheshizhongguo。zaijinchaomixinchengzhangdeqingqiuzhixia,xuyaodeshishenqiedingxinzaijinyibudedingxinzhongchuzhicunzaidetimu,bunengnishichangerdong。

2、 jingyoulichenglifajishizhenggongyongqijiyigeqingchudedingwei

shigongyongqijizuoweidangjudazhongbanshidejiaodianneirong,bunengyouyuzhudaoyiwuzaichusuodangjuerbeishuhuqipoqiexing。xuyaojingyoulichenglifajishizhenggongyongqijiyigeqingchudedingwei,bingqiejingyoulichenglifaqingchujiedinghediaohegejieqiaganxizhengcebianjing。tongshi,weishichangjizhiliuxiachengzhangdekongjian。

3、 dingxindejiaodianshibaozhangbanshipinzhihebanshikeyanxuxing

shichanghuadingxindemingmuqingshiduozhongduoyang,nenggouhuoxuanzhaogedidexiangxiqingkuangkending,keshizaidingxindefangzhenshangxuyaosuodingyigejiaodian,yebianshibaozhangshizhenggongyongdebanshipinzhihebanshikeyanxuxing,tashizhuyibazhuodiaoheshehuideguantoushiming。baozhangdazhongbanshiningjingxinghekeyanxuxingdeguantoushidangjuzaidazhongbanshiyiwushangdejinze。

4、 yongneibujizhibiangeneibujizhi

youyuhanqingdeyuanyou,zhongguodeshizhenggongyongqijibeifuletaizhongdeleizhui,dianmo20niandedingxinceyankaoshi,zanmenkandaojinjinkaoneibushichangjizhideyinru,nanyichongponeibudeshuejucu,wanchengliangxingdechengzhang。shiyi,duijuedajubudouhuieryan,xuyaoneibuqilideyinru,cainengzhenzhengchongpozhengqibufen、yiwubuqingtimu,cainengduihanqingqianzhangtingzhiqingpan。ruoshidingxindouliuwaixingyeheqiyeneibu,dingxinjieguoqingyibeiyichutuantitunshi。

5、 dangjuchabieyuchuantongqiyededingwei

zhengqifenge,shizhongguodingxinkaifangsanshinianlaizhiliudedingxinbiaodefangzhen,erzheige“zhengqi”zhongde“qi”,zaishizhenggongyongfanchou,bianshizhichuantonggongshuigongsi,shiyizaizhengcegenjicengmiandajiang,chuantongguoyouqiyejiuchabieyudangju,bunengjianlvedaibiaodangjucaozongdangjuyiwuhequanli。chuantonggongsiyiyangxuyaoyinglihechengzhang。

6、 chongshibiangeshehuiqilizaijingyingguantoudedaochang

shichangjizhideyinru,yidingbangenzhebenqiandezhulixing,yingdangganxingduidaiwaiziheminyingdengshehuibenqianduishizhenggongyongxingyedejinru。weilebaozhangshizhenggongyongqijideningjing,nenggouhuoxuzaizichancengmianshangdangjuzhudao,keshizaijingyinghebanshicengmianshang,zebixuchongshibiangeshehuiqilidedaochang。

qi、 xiangxichangyi

weilejinyibushenqieshizhenggongyongqijideshichanghuadingxin,tichuyixiaxiangxichangyi:

1、 mingbaishizhengjucuocuoshidedazhongbanshiyiwudingwei,zengqiangdangjucaiwutouzi

shizhenggongyongqijideshichanghuadingxindebenseshidangju、qiyeyubiedeyichuxiangganzhezhijiantingzhijiaosecongtoudingwei、yiwucongtoufenbiedelicheng。

chuantongxitongtilizhixia,dangjujianjiejingyingshizhenggongyongqijicunzaixiaolidiliedengtimuyichengweiguojigexingtimu,shichanghuadingxin,benseshangshidouhuidangjuweilejinbuxiaoli,jiezhushichangdeqili,yigongdaodeqingshijiangjubushimingmanmanzhuanyijiqiyedelicheng。keshi,yuputongxiezuoxingxingyechabie,shizhenggongyongqijiyinrushichangjizhijubeiyidingdetebiexing,dangjudeshizhengbanshiyiwubunengyouyubanliqingshidezhuanbianerzhuanbian。shizhenggongyongqijitexujingyingshizaibuzhuanbianjianjieyiwuzhutidedizishangeryinrushichangjizhideyizhongtili,qijiaodianshibadangjudexiangxibanshishimingxiangqiyezhuanyi,zhuanbianlebenchuchudangjujianjiegongjibanshideqingshi,erjingyoulichengtexujingyingdetilirangqiyelaizanzhudangjutingzhixiangxibanshi,wanchengdouhuidangjuyiwuzhutiyutexujingyingqiyexiangxibanxianshixingzhutidefenshou。

shixingletexujingyingbanliyihoudedouhuidangjuyiranchengdangzhebanshiyiwu。zaitexujingyingqingshixia,dangjushijingyoulichengjingjihetandeqingshiqingzhuanyebanshiqiyelaizanzhudangjugongjigenggaopinzhidegaoxiaobanshi,qijiaodiansiweishibabanshishimingyizhengdangdeqingshizhuanyijiqiye,zheileitexujingyingtilibingbuzhuanbianshizhenggongyongqijidedizitese。

2、 wanchengtexujingyinglifa,jiedinggefangyiwu

woguoshizhenggongyongxingyetexujingyingguizhidebazhuoyiwanchenglejiechudechubu,yezaodaotianxiayinxingdengguojigouzaoheguojitongyedegaoduzanmei,liangduoguodulaizhongguojinxiudingxinjingli。keshi,yihoudejubuguizhangyinanyiyanxubiancetexujingyingguizhidejinyibuwanmei。shizhenggongyongqijishiganxiguojiminshengdeminggenzixingye,weilewenguyiqudededingxingongxiao,wanmeitexujingyingguizhi,bentianchangyiyouguowuyuanfazhibangouzaogeshouyaozhuguanjubu,dangzhenzongjieshizhenggongyongxingyedingxinhouqizhongjinglihetimu,xuanbugenggaotiaoli、gengwanmeidetexujingyingxingzhenglvli,duixianggantimutichumingbaidediaohedingjian,yiwenbubianceshizhenggongyongqijiyinrushichangjizhidedingxin。

zaitexujingyingfalingkuangjiazhixia,jiedingdangju、gongjiaheqiyezhijiandeyiwu。

douhuidangjuyingdangjincainengdaochangjucuocuoshitouzi,bingzhongjiufachuhejubeishizhengbanshijucuocuoshizichan。xiajidangjujingyoulichengzhuanyifuchu,tanpaichusuodangjudeyijubutouziyiwu。ruoshichusuotouzicainengqueshao,nenggouhuoxujiangjubutouzishimingzhuanyiqiye,bingrangqiyejubeiyidingqijiandewuxianchanquan,bendidangjubaoliujingyingqihoudezichanyiqiequan。jishishiqiyetouzidezichan,zaizhejiuhou,yiranshuyudangju。buchongyidian,zheilisuoshuode“dangju”bushizhi“guoyouqiye”。dangjuanzhaozhunruxiezuo,fuyixuyaodelichengxiezuo,kendingbanshijiaqian。dangjuzaiqiyebanshibunenglonggaidefanchoudandangquanze,tongshijubeibanshijundenghuayiwu,baozhangxiaquyiqierenqudebanshi。

qiyeshijingyingbanshidezhuti,anzhaobanshidepinzhiqudeyidingdebanshishouyi。jieguandangjudejixi。

gongjiafuchuquanshujingyingbanshibenqian,bingqienenggouhuoxuanzhaoxuyaochengdangjubutoubenqianqian。xiangyoubanshizhiqingquan。

3、 tichangheqingqiuchanquanzhutiyujingyingzhutidefenshou,zengjinzhuanyehuabanshi

shizhenggongyongqijixingzihetexujingyingguizhixitongdeyiwubujushexiang,jueyilezaigongshuixingyeshixingtexujingyingxuyaoyichanquanzhutiyujingyingzhutidefenshouweiqianti。

ruoshibuchanquanzhutihejingyingzhutidefenshou,douhuidangjujiubunengduijingyingzhutitingzhiyouyongdezhunrutiaoxuan,yidanjiangjingyingzhutiyuchanquanzhutiheyi,jueyijingyingdeyidingshichanquan。xiangxiluoshidaodouhuidangjubiancedingxindelilundangzhong,yuchanquandingxinbingxingdetexujingying,henqingyichengweichanquanbiangedefuyong,beichanquanjigousuobaibu,guoyouzichandexiandingjiangyanjunshuejucudingxinlicheng。zaiguodu“guanren、banshi、guanzichanxiangtongyi”dezhunshengzhixia,ruoshibuchanquanzhutihejingyingzhutidefenshou,zhuanyetouzijingyinggongsijiubixujingyoulichengchanquancainengqudebanshishichang,jidadishuejuculeyouyiqiyedeshichangbanshicaineng。

chanquanzhutiyujingyingzhutidefenshou,jiangzichanliuzaidangju,jiangjingyingbanshifangdaoshichang,wuyiyouyiyudouhuishuiyeshichangdeguifanhua、pinpaihua,zhuanyejingyinggongsi、zhuanyebanshigongsi、zhuanyetouzigongsijiunenggouhuoxuzaijingyingcengmiantingzhiyouyongdefanweihuachengzhang。

youyongshixingchanquanzhutiyujingyingzhutidefenshouyouyigegenjiqianti,bianshiguoziweixuyaojichuyigeshizhengjucuocuoshizichancunzaiyudouhuidangjudemingbaiqingshiheqingqiu,zheileizichancunzaijiangqufenyuputongxiezuoxingzichan,shibuzichanbaoda(huobuchongshishichangbaoda)dejidianxingzichan,douhuidangjunenggouhuoxuhaiyaoyanxuchengdangyidingdetouziyiwu。

jinchao,texujingyingguizhiyigenjichengli,benwenyiweiduijuedajubudouhuieryan,chanquanzhutiyujingyingzhutidefenshoushidingxindezhiliuquxiang,duizhongxiaoxinggongshuigongsidedingxinlaijiang,zeshiyidingdebiaodefangzhen。

4、 dingxinjiaqiangouchengjizhihemianfeijizhi,shidianjingyingbutiejizhi

manmanchenglimixingongdaodeshuijiagouchengjizhi,wanmeishizhengdizijucuocuoshiyouchangcaozongguizhi。chenglijixiaopinggupingtai,manmanwanchengyixingyejunyunbenqiandingjiaqingshi,zengtingzhiyejinbuxiaoli。rangjiaqianzhouquanfengxingwushui、zhazicuozhimianfeiguizhi,jinbudangjuqingkuangbanshidetuixiaocaineng。shixingjiaqianbanliyubanshijixideliandong,chongshicaozongjiaqianshenfenjinbubanshipinzhi。

“baobenweili”zheigedingjiazhunshengbucuo,keshichangchangbeiwaiqu。“baoben”、“shizhenggongyongshiminshenggongcheng,bunengzhengqian”doushijueduidangjudazhongbanshieryan,dangjuxianggongjiademianfeizhinengbaoben;“weili”zeshijueduiqiyeweidangjugongjixiangxidedazhongbanshishideshouyijunyuneryan,dangjuzaituixiaoqiyebanshishizexuyaorangqiyeshouyi,keshiqiyechuzhiyugongyongqijibanshidejunyunlirunbunengtaigao;tongshi,zaiguizhishexiangshangyaoyunxuxiaoligaodeqiyehuogaodelirun,erxiaolidideqiyebunengyingli,naizhijiaru,buran,jiubushichangjizhikeyan。

wanmeiwushui、zhazicuozhifeizhengshoutili,jinbuzhengjiaolv。anzhaosheijinghuasheifufeidezhunsheng,danglingjinbuwushui、zhazicuozhimianfeiguifan,shiqizaizonghemengshouliyunxudefanweineilonggaiquanbenqian,tongshijiasuchutaiwushuichulintuodan、wunicuozhidengmianfeizhengce。zengqiangduiwushui、zhazicuozhishoujiaoyongdudejianshihebanli。

weileranggongjiafuchuzhilonggaibenqian,youyaorangqiyegongdaoshouyi,jiuxuyaochenglishizhengjucuocuoshijingyingbutiejizhi。shizhengjucuocuoshidebazhuoshiyigexuyaodelicheng,erjucuocuoshideyouyongjingyingcaishizhenshidefangzhen。

changyizaiguoducengmianchenglijiyushizhengjucuocuoshijingyingjieguodedangjucaiwubutiejizhi,jidongyongzhuanxiangcaiwuzijinduishizhengjucuocuoshijingyingguantouciyucaiwubutie,ruxunenggouhuoxuyouyongjinbujucuocuoshijingyingzhezhudongxing,bingnenggouhuoxubaozhangjucuocuoshiyibanjingying,shizaiwanchengdazhongbanshihejianpaifangzhen,gailianghejinbubanshipinzhi。tongshi,changyijiangwuxiandeguozhaizijinjihetouxiangwushuicuozhiguanwang、xiangcunqingkuangjucuocuoshidengshichangjizhibunenglonggaidefanchou,yushichangzijingouchengwujidebuchong。

5、 jianquanneibubazhuozhengce

zaitexujingyingxitongzhong,shizhenggongyongbanshimingmuyiranshigongyongqijidexingzi,qieshuyudangjucaibanbanshidecaichanxingzi,xuyaocaishuizhengcedechengchi。changyijiangjinchaojihezaizhuangbeizhizuoguantouhejinghuafashengguantoudeshuishouyouhuizhengcexiangjingyingbanshiguantouzhuanyi,jucuocuoshijingyingqiyedetingyeshui、dipancaozongshui、fangchanshui、suodeshuidengchangyitingzhimingbaierqiadangdejianmianhuomianshou,tongshiqiadangjiangluoshizhengjucuocuoshidedipanheyongdianyongdu。zheixiejianmiannenggouhuoxujiangluodangjudebanshifeifuchuyali,jiezhibanshijiaqian,tongshinenggouhuoxugudongmianlizhuanyebanshigongsixiangpinpaihua、fanweihuachengzhang,jinbucaichanhuachengdu。

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