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多重缘由致我国“南污北缺”水资本题目亟待破解
文章作者:办理员 更新时候:2016/11/21 9:16:37

“2030nian,woguojiangdaodayongshuicenling,congjinchaokan,woguodeshuizibengenjinengzhizuzheiyichengzhangxuyao,qiantishishuizibenshezhizhuangbeibaishegongdao、jieshuishouyihuodeyouyongtuixing。”zhongguoshuilishuidianmixinyantaoyuanshuizibenshezhizhuangbeibaisheyantaoshizhurenxiexinminkerizaijieguan《mixinshibao》jizhecaifangshishuo。


zhongguoshitianxiaxiashuizibenbinijiongcudeguoduzhiyi,renjunshuizibenliangwei2210lifangmi,jinweitianxiajunyunshuipingde1/3。youyuwoguoshuizibenrenjunjuyouliangshao、shikongsanbubujun、caozongtilijiyue、yongshuihuachiyanjun,heshuizibenbanlitixitilibujianquandengyuanyou,woguozaiyigexiangchengzhangdeqijianneishuizibenqianquedeqingshirengranfeichangyanjun。


duici,xiexinmintichudeyingdabanfashi“jiyaojiahongliuzibenkaipicaozong,youyaoshixingyouyongjieshui”。


nanbianyuanhe“ganke”


“woguoshuizibenxianxiandeteseshinanbianwushui,nanbianqueshui。”xiexinminshuo,“nanbianduowushuishiyouyuchanyehuaxingchengdejinghuayanjun,yishijianwushinanbianquedangwuzhiji。”


taihubanlishizhongguoshuijinghuafangzhideyigesuoying。zi2001nianqi,taihuqitouniannianbaofadamianjilanzao,erzheiyeshizhongguojiluhubopeihemianduidetimu。nangxi10duonian,dangjutourudapizijinbanlitaihu、chaohu、dianchi,danshijishi,huboyulaiyuzang。


lanzaoweijiyihou,shirenguoduhuanbaozongjufujuzhangdepanyuebiaoxian,zhongguoqihongliuxizhong,26%deshuitizaodaoyanjunjinghua,yurentidazhanghuizhishifengxianxiaoguo,huoyi“sunshigenjideshengtaigongxiao”。2008nian,huanbaobutichulezhongdianyantaonidingbingjiasushixingtaihu、dianchiliuyushuijinghuabanliyufuyangfenhuazonghejiezhishouyijishumoshixingjihua,tichuzhankaishouyaoshuijinghuawupaifangfangzhenchushiyouchangcaozonghemaimaishidian。jinchao“qing”husuiyoutingdun,danbanlishimingrengfeichangjiannan。


nanbianqueshuideqingkuangzegengjiapangza。benlaichuyubanganhandiyudenanbianhoutianjiujiangshuiquefa,tebieshijinniannanbianyoujinrulekushuiqi,queshuidezhuangtaigengquyanjun。youyuhanqingyoujiludeshuiwenziliaohenshaodengyuanyou,suiyouyixiezhuanjianuliyuyantao,danzhijinhennanmixinzhanwangnanbianshenmeshihounenggouhuoxujinrudaofengshuiqi。


nanbian“ganke”debiedeyishouyaoyuanyouzeshijimoushezhizhuangbeibaishebugongdao。zaizhongguo,hanqingshangshinanliangbeiyun,danyouyudingxinkaifanghounanbianchanyehuasulvzengjiaminjie,chanyezhandi、qigengdengjingxiangjiaoweibianji,jiashangnanbianshuiligongchengdechengzhang,yinerchengxianlenanbianchanliangchaonanshusongdejingxiang,bingqiebaochile20nianzhijiu。nanbianduishizhiderechen,chengzhangdaozaibushiyushizhishuidaodechusuokaipishizhishuidao。


“shehuihezuoquanbubeigaibian,weifantianranqianti,zheijiazhonglenanbianqueshuideqingkuang。congshuizibenshezhizhuangbeibaishekan,zheihenbugongdao,shibukeyanxude。”xiexinminshuo,“biede,nanbiandechanyehua、douhuihuadesulvyezaijiasu。shuijiuchenglegengjiaxiquedeziben。diaoshuizaicihoudechengzhangzhongjiangshishuizibenshezhizhuangbeibaishedeyigeshouyaoshouwan。”


beijingdequeshuitimushitianxiadadouhuiqueshuidedianfananli。tebieshibilaizaoshou7nian(1999nian~2005nian)ganhan,nianjunjiangyuliangjinwei449haomi,weiduonianjunyunjiangyuliangde76%,shuizibenqianquedeqingshifeichangyanjun,dantongshiyecunzaiyongshuiyanjunhuachidetimu。weici,beijingshijiangfuzhijieshuixingshehuizuoweijianhuanshuizibenjinquedediziqiantu,anzhao《21shijizaoqidouchengshuizibenkeyanxucaozongjihua》suokendingdefangzhen,beijingshiyiwanchengshuilitouzi74yiyuan(cizhongzhongjianbutie2.18yiyuan),zaishanxi、hebeiliangshengdechengchixia,zi2003nianqiyanxu3cishixingduozuoshuikujiehediaojixiangbeijinghuanhuizhongshushui2.64yilifangmi,bingjingyoujinchengmingbaijieshuixingshehuifuzhifangzhen、nidingjieshuizhengce、lishunbanlitixitili、zengqiangshuizibenlianghuabanlidengzonghebanfa,jiangfushuizibenyanjunquefadejianku。


zhengrushuilibuyuanfubuzhangsuolishengzaiyicijihuishangzuobaogaoshisuoshuo:“ruoshibucaiyongwulibanfa,zhongguoyounenggouzaijianglaichengxianyanjundeshuiweiji。shuizibentimuyichengweizhongguowanchengkeyanxuchengzhangjimoujinchengzhongbixudangzhenchulideyanzhongtimu。”


shuikuxuyaozhuanhuanjiaose


“woguodetimushishuikujiandetaishao,erbushisuoweideduole。meiguodeshuinengzibencaozonglvshi80%,woguoyejiubudao30%。”xiexinminchanfa,“yigezuizhiguantongsudejingxiangshi,xunqijichangdayushangquhuiruhedaohou,minjieliurudahai,jishibaibaihuachileyushuiziben。ershuikubianshidiaolishuizibenshikongsanbubujundeshouyaoshouwan。”


woguoyinshoujifengshanghouyingxiang,jianghedejingliugejihoufenpaijibupingheng,xunqibanniandeshuiliangzhanzhengniande70%~80%,erkuqibannianjinzhanzhengniande20%~30%,zhishixunqidashuipinfa、kuqishuiyounanyizhizuxuyao,shideshuidianxunqizhelida、kuqizhelixiao。erjingyoujinchengshuikudediaoli,yifangmianjinbushuidiandefadianpinzhi,biedeyifangmiannenggoutingzhifanghong、jinbukuqigongshuihejiaoguancaineng、gailianghangyunqiantideng。


xiexinminshuo:“jinchaodaolechuantongshuilixianggudaishuiligaibiandeshichen。zhiqianjianshuiku、dabashouyaoshimingshinongyejiaoguan、fadian,cihoujiangmanmanzhuanhuanzhongdianbennengjinengweigongshui,weidouhuihechanyechengzhanggongjibaozheng。”


jianglaiduigongshuishuiyuandebaozhengshuipingjiangyulaiyugao。xiexinminyiwei:“shuikuzuoweigongshuishuiyuanzuigaonenggouhuizhandao90%yishang。jianglaishuidianjiangcongmingshuidiao,youyufadiankeyongmeitan、henengdengtihuan。biede,jubudiyudeshuikuhangyungongxiaoyejiangmanmanruohua,yunshuyiqiyujiaotongdongxitihuan,yiquebaoyongshuixuyao。zheiyenenggoukanchushuizibenqidanxique,bingqiebujubeitihuanxing。”


shuinengzibencaozongbujun


shuidianzuoweikezaishengdongli,qikaipizaigongminjingjiheshehuichengzhangzhongjubeishouyaodeweizhiheganhua,tianxiashangjuedadadouguodudoushiyouxianchengzhangshuidian。woguoshitianxiashuinengzibenzuiweifengshuodeguoduzhiyi,danjinchaokaipicaozonglvhendi,bingqiewoguodeshuidianzibenjubeidiyusanbubujun,bingfujiyushutiaodajiangdahe,jianghedejingliuzaijihoufenpaishangjibupinghengdetese。


shuidianzhuanjiayanzhiyongcengzhuanwenzhichu,zaidiyusanbushang,woguodongbudiyu(13gesheng、shi)juyoudeshuidianzibenzhantianxiazongliangde8%,zhongbudiyu(6gesheng)zhan11%,erxibudiyu(12gesheng、shi、zizhiqu)gaoda81%,bingqiexibudiyudejinshajiangpanliuzhongxialiu、lancangjiangpanliuyunnanduan、yalongjiangpanliuzhongxialiu、daduhebinliu、nujiangpanliuzhongxialiu、huanghebinliuxiayoujizhongyoubeizhiliu、nanpanjianghongshuihebinliu、wujiangpanliujiufujilejingjikekaipirongliang2.05yiqianwa,zhantianxiazongliangde51%,yiyukaipifuzhidaxingshuidiandonglijidi。


“zhongguojubudiyudeshuilifuzhijianzhibugou,hennanzhizudiyugongshuihegongdiandeqingqiu,tebieshixinandiyusongliaoliuyu、chaidamupendidengdouxuyaojiasushuidianfuzhi。”xiexinminshuo,“bifang,zainenjiangliuyushangweiyiyizuoshuidianzhan,zheiyibushihebendishehui、jingjidechengzhang。”


ziliaoxianxian,woguoguanlidongliyimeitanheshuinengweizhu,shuinengjinciyumeitan。danshi,congdonglicaozongkan,woguodedianlichuchanshouyaoyituoranmeifadian,2007niantianxiafadianliangzhongranmeifadianzhandao83.3%,shuidianzhan14.4%。

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